Organization in Detail : Indian

Indian Govt Institutes : In Detail

Often UPSC | IAS asked question in depth of institute functioning, appointment process, organizational structure & its role & function.

Constitutional Body

Constitutional bodies derive their powers and authorities from the Constitution of India. They are mentioned in the Constitution. Since they get their power from the Indian Constitution, any change in the mechanism of the constitutional bodies would require a constitutional amendment.

ECI logo

Election Commission of India (ECI)

The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority, established under Article 324 responsible for administering election processes in India at national and state.

CAG logo

Comptroller General of India (CAG)

The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India, which audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government.


Finance Commission

The Finance Commissions are commissions periodically constituted by the President of India under Article 280 of the Indian Constitution to define the financial relations between the central government of India and the individual state governments.

National Human Rights Commission (NHRC)

The National Human Rights Commission of India is a Statutory public body constituted on 12 October 1993 under the Protection of Human Rights Ordinance of 28 September 1993. It was given a statutory basis by the Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993.

National Commission for Scheduled Caste (NCSC)

The National Commission for Scheduled Castes is an Indian constitutional body established with a view to provide safeguards against the exploitation of Scheduled Castes and Anglo Indian communities.

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST)

National Commission for Scheduled Tribes is an Indian constitutional body that was established through Constitution Act, 2003.

National Commission for Other Backward Class (NCOBC)

India’s National Commission for Backward Classes is a constitutional body under India’s Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment established on 14 August 1993. It was constituted pursuant to the provisions of the National Commission for Backward Classes Act, 1993

Statutory Body

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