CAD 18th Nov 2020

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Current Affairs 📰 Daily (CAD)

It is an initiative taken by the SSARP Study to ease burden from IAS Aspirants & save some time ⌚ to cover conventional section more, CAD is written by our expert team from various fields on daily basis for 10 topics, these topics are sorted by our AI design to judge the importance of topic depending upon the previous years paper question pattern & breakthrough of the news floated on various news websites 70:30 weightage.

CAD highly useful for IAS aspirants throughout the recruitment process of Preliminary Exam, Mains Exam & Interview while it is of utmost important for Preliminary exam.

A drop in women Workforce Participation

Do You Know ??

NHRC was estb. in 1993

News 📰

In Brief

  • According to the Periodic Labour Force Survey reports released by the National Statistical Office, women’s participation in the workforce “fell to its lowest points since independence in the year 2017-18.
  • The most major decline was seen since 2004, from 29.4% to 17.5% in 2017-18.
  • The decline has marginally increased to 18.6% in the year 2018-19.

Lilavati Award 2020

News 📰

  • Union Minister of Education virtually launched Lilavati Award-2020: AICTE’s Innovative education program to empower women.

In Brief

  • Objective of the award is to create awareness about issues like sanitation, hygiene, health, nutrition, literacy, employment, technology, credit, marketing, innovation, skill development, natural resources and rights among women.
  • Award is Estb. by AICTE.
  • The award covers multidisciplinary areas such as women’s health, self defense, sanitation, literacy, entrepreneurship and legal awareness.
  • The program will ensure the participation of women and enable them to hold higher positions in educational institutions.
Do You Know ??

Theme of the award is “Women Empowerment

Indian & Kazakhstan Relation

Do You Know ??

Capital of the Kazakhstan is Astana

News 📰

  • The 7th round of Foreign Office Consultations between India and Kazakhstan was held.

In Brief

  • During the consultations, the two sides reviewed the entire gamut of bilateral cooperation within the framework of their Strategic Partnership. The consultations covered political, economic and commercial, energy, defence, space, consular and cultural matters.
  • An MoU on “Indian Grant Assistance for Implementation of High Impact Community Development Projects in Kazakhstan” was signed.

Article 32 Vs Article 226

News 📰

  • Recently, SC asked various petitioner to approach the their respective HC for the Enforcement of the their Fundamental Rights under article 226 instead of directly approaching the SC under Article 32.

In Brief

  • Article 32 and 226 empowers the Supreme Court and the High Courts respectively, with the power to initiate an action against a government body in case of violation of rights and liberties of the citizen.
  • Judiciary plays a very important role in a democracy as it not only prevents the government authorities from using their powers arbitrarily but it also safeguards the rights of the citizens and the very Constitution of India. Thus, The Constitution of India envisages a strong, independent, and well-organised judiciary.
Do You Know ??

Article 32 is the part of “Basic Structure of the Constitution

Basis of difference Article 32Article 226
Right Article 32 is a fundamental right.Article 226 is a constitutional right. 
SuspensionArticle 32 can be suspended if an emergency has been declared by the President.Article 226 cannot be suspended even at the time of emergency.
ScopeArticle 32 has a narrow scope as it is applicable only in case of violation of a fundamental right. Article 226 has a broader scope as it is applicable not only in the case of violation of a fundamental right but also of a legal right.
JurisdictionArticle 32 empowers the Supreme Court to issue writ all over India. Therefore, the Supreme Court has broader territorial jurisdiction.Article 226 empowers the High Court to issue a writ in its own local jurisdiction only. Therefore, High Courts have narrower territorial jurisdiction as compared to the Supreme Court. 
DiscretionSince, Article 32 is a fundamental right, the same cannot be refused by the Supreme Court.Article 226 confers Discretionary power to the High Court which means it is at the discretion of the High Court to issue a writ or not. 

Myths of Online Education

Do You Know ??

News 📰

  • The study titled “Myths of Online Education” was undertaken in five States across 26 districts and covered 1,522 schools by Azim Premji University to assess the efficacy & Accessibility of e-learnings.

In Brief

  • The study found that more than 60% of the respondents who are enrolled in government schools could not access online education. Among the reasons for students not being able to access classes were:
    • Non-availability or the inadequate number of smartphones for dedicated use or sharing.
    • Difficulty in using apps for online learning.
  • Almost 90% of parents of government school students surveyed were willing to send their children back to school.
  • 90% of the teachers who work with children with disabilities found their students unable to participate online.
  • Almost 70% of the parents surveyed were of the opinion that online classes were not effective and did not help in their child’s learnings.

vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System (CRS)

News 📰

  • Arunachal Pradesh recorded the best sex ratio in the country while Manipur recorded the worst sex ratio, according to the 2018 report on “vital statistics of India based on the Civil Registration System (CRS)”.

In Brief

  • The Annual Report on Vital Statistics of India based on CRS – 2018 is prepared by the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India
  • CRS (Civil Registration System) in India is the unified process of continuous, permanent, compulsory and universal recording of the vital events (births, deaths, still births) and characteristics thereof.
    • The prescribed time limit for registration of birth or death is 21 days however some states register it even in 1 years time gap.

Sex Ratio Data

Top 3 states in Sex ration

  • Arunachal Pradesh
  • Nagaland
  • Mizoram
Do You Know ??

The sex ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population

Open Acreage Licensing Policy (OALP)

Do You Know ??

OALP was introduced as part of the new fiscal regime in exploration sector called Hydrocarbon Exploration and Licensing Policy (HELP)

News 📰

  • Petroleum and Natural Gas Minister signed contracts for 11 oil and gas blocks offered under the OALP Bid Round-5

In Brief

  • OALP gives an option to a company to select the exploration blocks on its own, without waiting for the formal bid round from the Government.
  • Under OALP, a bidder intending to explore hydrocarbons may apply to the Government seeking exploration of any new block which was not already covered by exploration.
  • The Government will examine the interest and if it is suitable for award, then the govt will call for competitive bids after obtaining necessary environmental and other clearances.
  • So that, it will enable a faster survey and coverage of the available geographical area which has potential for oil and gas discovery.
  • Successful implementation of OALP requires building of National Data Repository on geo-scientific data.


News 📰

  • The Defense Research and Development Organization – DRDO successfully tested the Quick Response Surface-to-Air Missile System (QRSAM).

In Brief

  • QRSAM is a tank-based system, which means it is stored and operated from specially designed compartments.
  • In the tank, the internal environment is controlled, so not only is it easy to transport and store, but the shelf life of the weapon is also greatly improved. The system can detect and track moving targets and engage them after a short pause.
  • The entire weapon system has been configured on a mobile mobile platform that can provide air defense capabilities while on the move. It was designed to introduce it to the Army, with a range of 25 to 30 kilometers.
  • It consist of fully automated command & control system.
  • It also consists of two radars-active array battery surveillance radar and active array battery multifunctional radar-with a transmitter.
    • Both radars have 360-degree coverage with “mobile search” and “mobile tracking” functions.

Significance of the Development

  • It is a short-range surface-to-air missile (SAM) system, mainly designed and developed by DRDO, to provide a defensive barrier for the army’s mobile armored forces to protect them from enemy air attacks.

Do You Know ??

QRSAM is a surface to air missile system.

Team Halo

Do You Know ??

News 📰

  • The United Nations has collaborated with The Vaccine Confidence Project at the University of London’s School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine to undertake “Team Halo”, an initiative which aims to counter the misinformation around Covid-19 vaccines.

In Brief

  • Under the initiative, the scientists will create social-media friendly videos on COVID-19 vaccine science based on their personal experiences.
  • Team Halo aims to highlight the work undertaken by scientists in the UK, USA, South Africa, Qatar, UAE, France, Spain, Peru, Canada, India and Brazil and create a platform for communication between the scientists working on Covid-19 vaccines and the citizens of these countries.

India & Team Halo

In India, over 22 scientists have joined Team Halo from renowned institutes such as Institute of Medical Sciences and Sum Hospital, Bhubaneswar; PGIMER, Chandigarh; Nizams Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad; IIT Indore; Christian Medical College, Vellore; SRM Research Institute, Chennai; and Deep Children’s Hospital and Research Centre, Gandhidham.

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