Lal Bahadur Shastri

Mani Ram Bagri with Shastri (cropped).jpg
Life span – 2nd Oct 1904 – 11th Jan 1966

About Lal Bahdur Shastri

  • 2nd PM of India
  •  Shastri joined the Indian independence movement in the 1920s. Deeply impressed and influenced by Mahatma Gandhi, he became a loyal follower, first of Gandhi, and then of Jawaharlal Nehru.
    • He was one of the leading and prominent faces that continued the Quit India movement, called by Mahatma Gandhi.
  • During the “Salt Movement” Lal Bahadur lead a door-to-door campaign, urging people not to pay land revenue and taxes to the British authority.
  • In 1937, he was elected to the UP Legislative Assembly
  • After Independence, he became the Minister of police in the Ministry of Govind Vallabh Panth in Uttar Pradesh.
    • His recommendations included the introduction of “water-jets” instead of sticks to disperse the unruly mob.
    • Impressed with his efforts in reforming the state police department, Jawaharlal Nehru, invited Shastri to join the Union cabinet as a Minister for railways.
  • He was a responsible man and known for his ethics and morality.
    • In 1956, Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from his post, following a train accident that killed around 150 passengers near Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu.
    • Nehru, had once said, “No one could wish for a better comrade than Lal Bahadur, a man of the highest integrity and devoted to ideas”.
  • In 1961, he became Minister for Home and formed the “Committee on Prevention of Corruption” headed by of K. Santhanam.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was succeeded by a mild-mannered and soft-spoken Lal Bahadur Shastri on 9 June, 1964 as 3rd PM (After Nehru & Gulzari lal Nanda [Acting])
  • He was a follower of Nehruvian socialism. Shastri tackled many elementary problems like food shortage, unemployment and poverty. To overcome the acute food shortage, Shastri asked the experts to devise a long-term strategy. This was the beginning of famous “Green Revolution”.
  • Apart from the Green Revolution, he was also instrumental in promoting the White Revolution. The National Dairy Development Board was formed in 1965 during Shastri as Prime Minister.
  • The 1965 Indo-Pak war took place during the tenure of Shastri which ended on 23 September 1965 after the United Nations passed a resolution demanding a ceasefire.
  • The Russian Prime Minister, Kosygin, offered to mediate and on 10 January 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri and his Pakistan counterpart Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration.
  • Lal Bahadur Shastri, who had earlier suffered two heart attacks, died of the third cardiac arrest on 11 January, 1966.
    • He is the only Indian Prime Minister, to have died in office, overseas.

Major Achievements

AwardsBharat Ratna (Posthumous)
First person to be awarded Bharat Ratna Posthumously.
Better Known forJai Jawan Jai Kisan ” Slogan given during Indo-Pak war (1965) to praise Army & farmer’s contribution in nation building

“Green Revolution”

White Revolution”

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