In 4 years, sex ratio at birth has risen from 923 to 931 per 1,000

In News:

  • The all-India sex ratio at birth (SRB) went up by 8 points since 2015-16 to 931 girls per 1,000 boys till March 2019.

Sex Ratio: Number of girls per 1,000 boys.

Sex ratio at birth (SRB)

  • Sex ratio at birth is defined as the number of girls born for every 1000 boys born.
  • It is a more accurate and refined indicator of the extent of prenatal sex selection.

 

News Summary

  • The all-India SRB was 923 in 2015-16, 926 girls in 2016-17 and 929 girls in 2017-18
  • From 2017-18, SRB has increased in 21 states and UTs but 12 states registered a decline.
  • Top performing states with highest SRB:
    1. Kerala and Chattisgarh (959) (Note: Both Chattigarh and Kerala has registered a decline this year as compared to SRB in 2017-18)
    2. Mizoram (958)
    3. Goa (954)
  • Bottom of the list with lowest SRB:
    1. Daman and Diu (889)
    2. Lakshadweep (891)
    3. Punjab (900)
  • Highest increase in SRB from 2017-18
    1. Andaman & Nicobar Island
    2. Sikkim
    3. Telangana
  • Steepest fall in SRB from 2017-18
    1. Arunachal Pradesh
    2. Jammu & Kashmir
    3. Tamil Nadu
    4. Maharashtra

Measures taken by Central Government to improve sex ratio:

Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme :

  • Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) was launched by the Prime Minister in 2015 as a comprehensive scheme that promotes the girl child’s empowerment
  • It is a tri-ministerial effort of
    • Ministry of Women & Child Development (MWCD)
    • Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) and
    • Human Resource Development (MoHRD)
  • Objectives:
    • Prevent gender based sex selective abortion
    • Ensure the survival and protection of the girl child
    • Provide education and promote the participation of the girl child
  • The scheme has a two-pronged strategy comprising:
    • Media, Advocacy and Outreach
    • Multi-Sectoral Action

National Girl Child Day:

  • The National Girl Child Day is celebrated in India every year on January 24.
  • It aims to promote awareness on a range of issues including education, health, and nutrition.
  • The theme of 2019 National Girl Child Day: “Empowering Girls for a Brighter Tomorrow”.
  • It was first initiated in 2008 by the Ministry of Women and Child Development.

Dhanalakshmi Scheme:

  • The scheme has introduced various measures to strengthen the status of the girl child in the society.
  • The ‘Dhanalakshmi’ scheme ensures that basic needs of the girl child such as immunization, birth registration and school maintenance are taken care of till Class 8.

 Measures to stop various injustices to girl child includes:

  • Prohibition of Child Marriage Restraint Act 2006
  • Pre- Conception & Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques (PC&PNDT) Act 1994
  • Domestic Violence Act 2009
  • POCSO Act 2012

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