India successfully test-fires nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5

The News

  • The indigenously developed surface-to-surface nuclear capable ballistic missile Agni-5 was successfully test-fired from Dr Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast.
  • The missile was launched with the help of a mobile launcher at Dr Abdul Kalam Island in the Bay of Bengal.



  • The missiles of Agni family are medium to long range and intercontinental ballistic missiles developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation of India under Integrated Guided Missile Development Program.
  • Together five Agni missile form the bulwark of India’s nuclear deterrence capability.
  • The five missiles are:
  1. Agni-I: 700 km.
  2. Agni-II: 2,000 km
  3. Agni-III: 3,000 km
  4. Agni-IV: 4,000 km.
  5. Agni-V: 5000 Km

  • Agni-V is a long-range, three-stage, surface-to-surface inter-continental missile.
  • It weighs 50 tonnes, is 17 metres long and have a two-metre diameter.

Agni V: A game changer

  • Agni V is India’s most lethal missile as it can cover a range of nearly 5,000 kilometers in any direction while carrying nuclear destruction potential.
  • This means that the missile can cover areas ranging from China in the East to almost all of Europe in the West.
  • These missiles are a perfect answer to other country’s strategically developed missile armour.
  • Agni-V with its higher payload, Multiple Independently targetable Reentry Vehicle (MIRV) capability and high accuracy give India a counter force capability.
  • Although India sticks to no first use policy, India now has a counter-force capability to strike at the nuclear strike forces of the adversary.
  • Even if one Agni-V survives a first strike by the enemy and reaches the adversary’s capital city, it will unleash complete devastation.

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