Cyber crime labs to be set up in Vizag

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The News

  • In a quest to give boost to the cyber crime investigation, cyber-crime police station, which has been proposed a long time back is going to commence in few days in Visakhapatnam.
  • In addition, Rajahmundry and Guntur are also going to home a cyber police stations.

 

Background

  • Cyber crime is on the rise in Andhra Pradesh.
  • In 2013, 148 cases were registered, 195 in 2014, 266 in 2015 and in 2016 it was 400.
  • Since 2011, Visakhapatnam has been ranked the number two city in the country after Bengaluru in cyber crime case.
  • In Visakhapatnam, an average of two to three cyber crime cases are recorded per day, with over 700 cases registered in the last two years.
  • Almost 950 cyber cases are pending in the city and the unit’s commencement would clear out all the pending cases.

 

Reasons for incapacity to handle Cyber crime cases

  • There is a huge delay in acquiring the call data records from mobile operators.
  • Most of the addresses furnished by the accused are fake and they operate through pre-activated SIM cards.
  • Advanced forms of crime in addition to traditional CDR (call data record), OTP and phishing and vishing.
  • Lack of infrastructure to tackle the menace.
  • Since the bifurcation of the State, the government has not established a full-fledged cyber crime police station with a cyber crime lab.
  • There is a huge shortage of trained manpower,
  • People deputed to the cyber crime cells are not trained to handle the cases.

 

Background:Cyber Crime in India

  • Cyber crime can be defined as a crime or an unlawful act where the computer is used either as a tool, a target or both.
  • According to the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB), the number of cybercrime cases have increased from 9,622 in 2014 to11,592 and 12,317 in 2015 and 2016 respectively.

 

Types of Cyber Crime

Cyber crime against person  

  • Cyber stalking: A Stalker can use the internet, emails, SMS, webcams, phones calls, websites or even videos to harass his target.
  • Hacking: Hacking means getting an unauthorised access to someone’s personal information for illegal gains or misuse.
  • Cracking: Cracking refers to digitally removing the Copyright protection code which prevents copied or pirated software from working on computers which do not have the Software vendor or owner’s authorisation.
  • Defamation: Online or cyber defamation involves damaging someone’s reputation using a computer or the internet as a medium by writing a derogatory statement about a person on social media, posting vulgar pictures or videos, etc.
  • Online Fraud: involves stealing a person’s sensitive information like banking credentials by using phishing sites and withdrawing money from victim’s account.
  • Dissemination of Obscene Material
  • Child pornography
  • Spoofing: Spoofing involves misrepresentation of the origin of any data. While an Email/SMS is generated from one source, it shows that it has been generated from another. Cyber criminals use this means to get personal information of the user like bank details, etc.
  • Phishing: It involves sending spam emails to the user while claiming to be an established enterprise in order to obtain his personal information and steal the user’s identity.

 

Cyber Crime against property

  • Transmitting virus: Virus, Worms, Trojan Horse, Timebomb, Logic Bomb, Rabbit, and Bacterium are some examples of malicious software that infect the computer.
  • Cybersquatting: Cybersquatting is when two or more persons claim the same domain name.
  • Cyber Vandalism: It involves the destruction of data on any electronic medium during the period when the network service is not available.
  • Intellectual Property Crimes: IPR thefts are the most common cyber crime in India and include online piracy, software piracy, infringement of patents, designs, trademark, copyright, theft of source code, etc.

 

Cyber crime against Government

  • Cyber Warfare: Cyber warfare is an Internet-based war conflict to disable official websites and networks, disrupt essential services such as Internet connection, steal classified data such as Sensex details, threats to power grids, cripple financial institutions, leakage of sensitive information.
  • Cyber Terrorism: It is an act of creating fear in the mind of people by using the internet as a medium. Section 66-F of the Information Technology Act, 2002 deals with cyber terrorism in India.

 

Cyber crime against society

  • Online Gambling: Gambling is prohibited in India under the Public Gambling Act, 1867. Online gambling is illegal all over India, except in Sikkim.
  • Cyber Trafficking: Trafficking involves dealing in illegal trade activities such as trafficking women, slaves or children using the internet as a medium.

 

Steps to tackle cyber crimes in India

  • Centre has set up the NIC-CERT (National Informatics Centre-Computer Emergency Response Team) to combat cybercrime in India
  • The Union home ministry has proposed to set up the Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) to beef up India’s cyber security network.
  • India is currently working towards bilateral cooperation with around 15 countries for exchange of information on cybercrimes, it has already taken several measures—legal, policy and institutional—to check cybercrime.
  • The Cyber Crime against Women and Children (CCPWC) scheme has been approved by the government recently.

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