Details :

The news:

  • As per recent released report by the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Maoist influence has been gradually shrinking and it redrew the red corridor.

 

Spread of LWE:

Earlier data:

  • Naxalism was once called by the government as the biggest internal security threat faced by the country.
  • In 2015, the total number of LWE-affected districts was 106. Of the 106 districts, 36 accounted for 80 to 90% of the country-wide LWE violence, and were categorized as “Worst Affected Districts”.
  • In 2017, from 106, it rose to 126, following bifurcation of states and districts, and the expansion of Maoists activities.

 

As per recent report:

  • As per recent report, 44 of the 126 districts reported negligence violence, and they were removed from the list. However 8 new district has been added. So new red corridor drawn including 90 district, spread across 11 states
  • Also list has 30 district instead of 36 of the worst affected districts account for 90% of the LWE violence.
  • Affected states:
    • The report considers Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Odisha and Bihar as states that are severely affected by LWE.
    • West Bengal, Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh (earlier a part of the severely affected category) are considered partially affected.
    • Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh are classified as states that are slightly affected.
  • The report also notes that the Maoists are attempting to make inroads into Assam and Arunachal Pradesh, and their success in doing so can have long-term strategic implications.

Criteria for removing the districts and including new ones:

  • The primary criterion was ‘incidents of violence’.
    • The 44 districts, which have been excluded, did not report any significant incidents of violence due to LWE in the last three years.
    • Similarly, three new districts in Kerala were added following reports of Naxal movement, and their overground activities.
  • Incidents of violence have seen a 20% decline with a 34% reduction in related deaths in 2017 as compared to 2013.
  • The geographical spread of LWE violence also shrunk from 76 districts in 2013 to 58 districts in 2017.

 

National Policy and Action Plan:

  • Government launched ‘National Policy and Action Plan’ in 2015, which aimed at addressing Left Wing Extremism (LWE) in the country.
  • The multi-pronged strategy primarily includes development and security aspects of affected districts. Projects related to development include infrastructure, roads, cellphone connectivity, bridges and schools.

 

Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme:

  • All expenses incurred by the affected areas are covered under the Security Related Expenditure (SRE) Scheme of the MHA.
  • It provides funds for transportation, communication, hiring of vehicles, stipend for surrendered Maoists, and temporary infrastructure for security forces.
  • Eight new districts which witnessed Maoist movements were added to the SRE list.
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